I heard an interesting story about Google's Chrome browser on NPR's Morning Edition for 09 September. While it was billed as a review of Chrome, the first question asked by host Renee Montagne to commentator Mario Armstrong was how Google planned to make money with a browser. This led to some discussion of the browser becoming the computer, part of what is sometimes known as cloud computing.
The first way noted by Mr. Armstrong to make money on a free browser was of course through advertising. The holy grail of advertising these days seems to be targeted ads. For example, search terms, cookies, browser history and email contents can provide a lot of context to be used for targeting ads. This type of information can certainly be used for unintended purposes, not just targeting ads or selling anonymized user data.
The second answer on how to make money from a browser, more significant from a security perspective, was to build a customer base in anticipation of services moving to the cloud. Cloud computing and security has been discussed quite a bit by others [Examples: 1,2,3,4]. Mr. Armstrong went on to discuss three important facets of a browser, particularly in relation to cloud computing. To paraphrase from the NPR story:
- Speed - If you are going to move applications to the cloud, the browser better be fast enough to compare with a local application.
- Stability - No matter if an application is in the cloud or local, users and developers don't like their applications to crash. If the application runs in a browser, the browser needs to be stable.
- Security - Moving applications to the cloud obviously means that you're moving data through and to the cloud, dramatically changing a number of security implications.
Regardless of whether you buy into the hype, cloud security is an issue because users will make decisions on their own. Google's applications are an excellent example. Their search, calendar, documents, and more have potential to put sensitive company or personal information in the cloud. Google documents makes it so easy to share documents with my coworkers! Google Desktop makes it so easy to find and keep track of my files! What do you mean we already have a way to do that? What do you mean we aren't allowed to store those documents on the Internet?
Just to make sure I'm not singling out Google, another instance of cloud computing is Amazon's Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2), which basically allows you to build a virtual machine in Amazon's cloud and then pay for processor time. EC2 is a great example of cloud computing allowing flexibility and computing power without breaking the bank. You can run any number of "small" to "High-CPU very large" instances, scaling resources as needed and starting at only $0.10 per hour per instance!
This scenario was mentioned by someone else, but consider the security implications of putting information in Amazon's cloud, for instance using EC2 to crack a Windows SAM during a security assessment. Sure, you could easily come up with an accurate quote for the EC2 computing time to crack a SAM, but it would be important to disclose the use of EC2 to the customer. If you're using Amazon's processing capability, how are you going to make sure the data stays secure as it floats somewhere in their cloud? How many new avenues of attack have you introduced by using cloud computing? Is it even possible to quantify these risks with the amount of information you have about their cloud?
There are security issues with cloud computing even if the data is not explicitly sensitive like a Windows SAM. Data to be crunched? Video to be rendered? Documents to be stored? Is your data worth money? Who will protect the data and how?
Cloud computing is here in varying degrees depending on your organization, but using it means giving up some amounts of control over your data. Whether the convenience of the cloud is worth it is definitely a risk versus reward issue, and a lot of the risk depends on the sensitivity of the data.
Edit: InfoWorld posted an article about government concerns with cloud computing, particularly who owns data that is stored in the cloud, whether law enforcement should have a lower threshold for gaining access to data in the cloud, and whether government should embrace cloud computing for its needs.